20th Century Architecture

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Mies on Scene - Barcelona in Two Acts - A Building That Changed the History of Architecture
The Barcelona Pavilion, the masterpiece with which Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich staged their revolutionary ideas in 1929, changed the history of architecture forever. It only existed for eight months but its image was survived in the minds…
Louis Kahn - Silence and Light
With the participation of William Jordy, Jonas Salk, Aldo Rossi, Arata Isozaki, Tadao Ando, Robert Venturi, Denise Scott-Brown, Brendan Gill, and others. Narration by Kenneth Frampton. As an architect, educator, and philosopher, Louis Kahn played a prominent role in the…
Mies
No understanding of the modern movement in architecture is possible without knowledge of its master builder, Mies van der Rohe. Together with documentation of his life, this film shows all his major buildings, as well as rare film footage of…
Louis Sullivan - The Struggle for American Architecture
Louis H. Sullivan (1856-1924) was one of the most celebrated architects to come out of the Chicago School of architecture in the late 1800s. He is often called the "father of the skyscraper" and the "prophet of modern architecture." Sullivan…
Gray Matters - Architect & Designer Eileen Gray
This film explores the long, fascinating life and complicated career of architect and designer Eileen Gray, whose uncompromising vision defined and defied the practice of modernism in decoration, design and architecture. Making a reputation with her traditional lacquer work in…
The Oyler House: Richard Neutra's Desert Retreat
In 1959, a government employee named Richard Oyler, living in the tiny desert town of Lone Pine, California, asked world-famous modern architect Richard Neutra to design his modest family home. To Oyler's surprise, Neutra agreed. Thus began an unlikely friendship…
Deconstructivist Architects
At the end of the 1980's a new architectural sensibility challenged the prevailing post-Modern attitude. This film documents explosive and seemingly chaotic structures from Vienna to L.A., and interviews those who pursue its aesthetic issues. Filmed on location with the…
The Rise and Fall of Penn Station
Part of the Series: American Experience
PBS
In 1910, the Pennsylvania Railroad successfully accomplished the enormous engineering feat of building tunnels under New York City's Hudson and East Rivers, connecting the railroad to New York and New England, knitting together the entire eastern half of the United…
Tadao Ando
Tadao Ando, a self-taught architect, proposes an international architecture that he believes can only be conceived by someone Japanese. His architecture mixes Piranesian drama with contemplative spaces in urban complexes, residences and chapels. This film presents the formative years of…
Frank Gehry - An Architecture of Joy
Frank Gehry sees himself as an artist first, and then as an architect, working much as an artist would. He has translated the vocabulary of contemporary art into an architectural language of his own, disobeying the rules of his profession…
Le Cabanon par Le Corbusier
The wooden cabin situated in the hillside of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin in the French Riviera was to serve as a model for minimal living. However, when architect and painter Le Corbusier sketched his Thoreau-like hut in December 1951, he did so in…
Bernd and Hilla Becher: 4 Decades - Typologies of Industrial Buidlings
Bernd and Hilla Becher discuss their beginnings as documentarians of 19th century industrial architecture while showing us their retrospective exhibition at Berlin's Hamburger Bahnhof Museum. Bernd and Hilla Becher had been working together as photographers since 1957, documenting and classifying…
Alvaro Siza - Transforming Reality
In "Alvaro Siza Transforming Reality", Portugal's renowned architect discusses his work and tours 15 projects with architectural historian Kenneth Frampton, who has referred to Siza as "one of the most important architects working today". In 1974 the end of the…
The Farnsworth House
Sixty miles southwest of Chicago is one of the great modern houses of the world, the Farnsworth House, built by Mies van der Rohe for a Chicago physician, Edith Farnsworth in 1951. It is striking, but was it livable? What…
Nakagin Capsule Tower - Japanese Metabolist Landmark on the Edge of Destruction
Metabolism is the first Japanese architecture movement after the World War II, manifested in 1960 by Noboru Kawazoe, architecture critic, and the five architects, Kiyoshi Awazu, Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa, Fumihiko Maki, and Masato Otaka. They envisioned a new direction…
The Koshino House
A self-educated Japanese architect, Tadao Ando (born in 1941) designed the Koshino House for fashion designer Hiroko Koshino and her family in Ashiya, Hyogo, Japan during 1979 - 1984. The house has become a symbol for homemade light and a…
Villa Mairea
On the eve of the Second World War, Finnish architect Alvar Aalto (1898 - 1976) designed the Villa Mairea for his close friends, Maire and Harry Gullichsen, in Noormarkku near the west coast of Finland. Located in a pine forest…
O.M. Ungers - Designing a Museum of Architecture in Germany
In 1979, the city of Frankfurt commissioned Oswald Mathias Ungers, one of Germany's best-known architects, to design a museum for architecture. The museum was to be housed in an 80 year-old villa on the riverbank. Ungers came up with a…
Richard Meier
At mid-career, Meier guides the viewer on a retrospective of his white buildings, from private houses of the 1960s to the Frankfurt and Atlanta Museums of the 1980s--all variations on his trademark spatial and planar treatment. His influences from Corbusier,…
Architects Herzog and de Meuron: Alchemy of Building
This video is about the Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, who were jointly awarded the 2001 Pritzker Prize, their profession's highest honor, for combining "the artistry of an age-old profession with the fresh approach of a new…