Classical Studies

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Technology in the Classical World
Episode 1 of Understanding Greek and Roman Technology
Begin your exploration of ancient Greek and Roman engineering by probing the technological edge that allowed the Greeks to beat the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. Then survey the aims of the course and preview an impressive piece of…
Athens: Around the Acropolis and Parthenon
Episode 2 of Great Tours: Greece and Turkey
Enter the Acropolis, symbol of Athens, following the path of the ancient annual procession honoring Athena. Investigate the history and meanings of the site's iconic buildings, including the grand Propylaea (gatehouse) and the Erechtheum (Temple of Athena). Learn about the…
The Byzantine Empire and the Legacy of Rome
Episode 42 of History of the Ancient World
The eastern Roman: or Byzantine: Empire would outlast its counterpart in the West by a thousand years. Follow the fortunes of this flourishing hub, which included one of the most powerful women of antiquity and one of the ancient world's…
1453—The Fall of Constantinople
Episode 2 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Although many educated people think they know about the fall of the Roman Empire, Professor Liulevicius says the end actually happened 1,000 years later with the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks. Delve deeper into this event and learn…
331 B.C. Gaugamela—Alexander’s Genius
Episode 4 of The Decisive Battles of World History Series
The victory of Alexander at Gaugamela resulted in the spread of Greek culture throughout the Macedonian Empire. Trace Alexander's campaign against the Persians, which led to the battle, and his bloody confrontation with the Persian forces, and grasp the brilliant…
479 B.C. Plataea—Greece Wins Freedom
Episode 3 of The Decisive Battles of World History Series
In the 479 B.C. battle of Plataea, Greek "hoplite" forces fighting in phalanxes met the mighty army of the Persian superpower. Study the unfolding of this dramatic engagement, and learn how it ended the Persian threat to Greece and allowed…
Touring the Cradle of Western Civilization
Episode 1 of Great Tours: Greece and Turkey
In setting sail for the ancient world, contemplate the dynamic civilizations that emerged in the Aegean and the scope of the human drama that was played out there. Preview some of the towering figures and remarkable sites you'll encounter, and…
Construction Revolution—Arches and Concrete
Episode 6 of Understanding Greek and Roman Technology
Learn how the physics of the arch solves the problem of the tensile weakness of stone. Then see how standard bricks and concrete greatly simplify and reduce the cost of monumental building. These technologies were the key to Rome's construction…
People of the Toga: Etruscans, Early Rome
Episode 26 of History of the Ancient World
In this first of five episodes tracing the rise of Roman civilization, you begin with Rome's geography, its traditional origin story, and the formative scars left by the experience of being ruled by a foreign power, and especially by a…
The Substance of Technology—Materials
Episode 2 of Understanding Greek and Roman Technology
Study the engineering materials available in classical antiquity. First look at the simple physics of compression and tension. Then consider six specific materials: stone, wood, clay, copper, bronze, and iron. Examine how they came into use and how their properties…
Later Roman Empire: Crisis and Christianity
Episode 40 of History of the Ancient World
Explore the century that followed Rome's Golden Age and the time of the Five Good Emperors as the empire suffered through political, military, and economic crises that brought it to the brink of collapse, staged a near-miraculous and unexpected recovery,…
Great Tours: Greece and Turkey - From Athens to Istanbul Series
Mycenae. Delphi. Ephesus. Sardis. To know the cities and sites of Greece and Turkey is to know your beginnings. Experience these countries through the eyes of an archaeologist as you walk through temples, shrines, fortresses, theaters, churches, and so much…
24 videos
Mystery Cultures of Early Greece
Episode 8 of History of the Ancient World
Turn to the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations of the Mediterranean. Learn about the historical underpinnings of the Minotaur myth, Plato's account of what might have been the basis for the legend of Atlantis, and the rediscovery of writing as Greece…
The Most Celebrated Edifice—The Pantheon
Episode 9 of Understanding Greek and Roman Technology
Conclude your study of great classical-era structures by examining the greatest of them all: the Pantheon in Rome. Imitated but never equaled, this temple to all the gods incorporates Greek as well as quintessentially Roman architectural features. The stupendous dome…
Hoplite Warfare and Sparta
Episode 11 of History of the Ancient World
Experience what it was like to be raised a Spartan man or woman, the changes in military tactics and equipment that made their armies so feared, and the tragic flaw that guaranteed that this Greek city-state's power, no matter how…
Greeks - In Search of Meaning
Part of the Series: Shaping of the Western World Collection
The magnificent age of Greece is recreated through the words and deeds of her citizens -- great and small. The eternal truths are dramatized in scenes from Antigone and Lysistrata; Socrates discusses familiar principles with his disciples; and the great…
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire?
Episode 41 of History of the Ancient World
The questions of when Rome fell: and why: are arguably the most famous ongoing historical debates in the Western tradition. One German scholar has even posited 210 plausible answers to the why. This episode examines both the questions and the…
The Hellenistic World
Episode 24 of History of the Ancient World
Although the three centuries following Alexander were years of warfare, absolutism, and political stalemate, the Hellenistic era did leave a legacy of cultural richness and originality. See how achievements in philosophy, science, and art belied the suffering and mass enslavement…
From Quarry to Temple—Building in Stone
Episode 3 of Understanding Greek and Roman Technology
Gain a deeper appreciation for the ancient world's most important construction material by following a block of stone from a quarry to its final resting place in the wall of a Greek temple. Learn how stone blocks were extracted from…
Understanding Greek and Roman Technology - From Catapult to the Pantheon Course
Ancient Greece and Rome were home to some of the most creative engineers who ever lived. Modern research is shedding new light on these renowned wonders--impressive buildings, infrastructure systems, and machines that were profoundly important in their own day and…
24 videos