European Modern History

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Hitler's Children
Adolf Hitler did not have children, but what of the families of Hermann Goring, Heinrich Himmler and Hans Frank, to name a few? What is it like for the descendants of these top Nazi officials to deal with the legacy…
The Mondragon Experiment
Part of the Series: Horizon
BBC
Mondragon, in the Basque region of Spain, is a flourishing industrial town with over 80 factories ranging from iron foundries and shipyards to printing works and sawmills. They are the most efficient in Spain - and they are all co-operatively…
Introduction and the Old Regime Monarchy
Episode 1 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Take a first look at the complexities of overthrowing a monarchy and constructing a democracy. This first episode introduces you to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette and lays the groundwork for the gripping drama of the French Revolution.
The Enlightenment
Episode 3 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Enter 18th-century salons and cafes to join the debates over modernity and politics. While writers such as Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau argued over natural rights, political reform, the social contract, and more, the Old Regime cracked down on dissidents and…
Look at this City - Schaut Auf Diese Stadt
This fast-paced montage represents West Berlin as the frontline of neo-fascism, terrorism and neo-colonialism, against which the peaceful city of East Berlin requires an "antifascist defense." A strikingly modernist propaganda piece, it uses rare authentic images and newsreels from both…
1600—The British East India Company
Episode 5 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
The English and Dutch East India companies coexisted in the Spice Islands as they worked to outflank the Portuguese, but their rivalry soon escalated into war. Examine the founding and meteoric growth of the East India Company and the violence…
Winter Ade - Winter Ade
Part of the Series: Reel Women in East German Film
Shortly before GDR's collapse, Helke Misselwitz traveled by train from one end of the country to the other interviewing East German women of different ages and backgrounds. In this documentary masterpiece, women reveal their personal and professional frustrations, hopes and…
First Restaurants, Chefs, and Gastronomy
Episode 28 of Food: A Cultural Culinary History Series
European culinary art blossomed in the 18th and 19th centuries. Learn about the West's first true restaurants in 18th-century Paris and the formalized structure of meals served in multiple courses. Follow the exploits of four of the first celebrity chefs…
1942 Stalingrad—Hitler’s Ambitions Crushed
Episode 35 of The Decisive Battles of World History Series
Chart the German invasion of Russia at the height of the war in Europe, which massed the full force of Hitler's war machine. Follow the clash of the seemingly invincible German panzer units with the Red Army and the Russian…
1989—The Fall of the Berlin Wall
Episode 23 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
How did a bureaucratic blunder by a Politburo member lead to the fall of the Berlin Wall? Find out as you examine the surprisingly peaceful collapse of the Soviet Union and Communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe.
1942 Midway—Four Minutes Change Everything
Episode 34 of The Decisive Battles of World History Series
The advent of aircraft carriers brought a significant new era in naval warfare. Witness the most dramatic and pivotal of the "carrier versus carrier" battles, where the events of a short span of minutes permanently tilted the balance of power…
The Ghosts of the Third Reich
"Ghosts of the Third Reich" documents the poignant and anguished stories of descendants of the Nazis, who confront their family's past and communicate their most profound feelings of guilt by inheritance. These individuals, whose family members were supporters, officers, and…
1492—The Columbian Exchange
Episode 4 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Without intending to, Christopher Columbus's search for Asia initiated an event that has been called the most important historical turning point of modern times. Investigate how Columbus's encounter with the Americas brought distant peoples together politically, culturally, and environmentally in…
Privilege—Old Regime Society
Episode 2 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
Look at the hierarchical society of France in the 1780s, which was divided into three estates--those who prayed (the clergy), those who fought (the nobles), and those who worked and paid taxes (the peasants). This system placed a heavy burden…
France, Global Commerce, and Colonization
Episode 4 of Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
See how global trade, the mercantilist system, and the slave trade disrupted traditional notions of societal hierarchy as non-nobles benefited greatly from the new economy. Additionally, global warfare--especially between France and Great Britain over colonization--left France weakened and deeply in…
Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon Course
The 25 years between the onset of the French Revolution in 1789 and the Bourbon Restoration after Napoleon in 1814 is an astonishing period in world history. Learn the full story of this era that shook the foundations of the…
48 videos
1838—The British Slavery Abolition Act
Episode 11 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
Confront the harsh realities of the African slave trade and consider the role social mobilization played in eradicating the institution across the British Empire.
Swastika
Swastika is the most controversial documentary about Hitler ever released. Director Philippe Mora combines intimate color home movie footage shot by Eva Braun and rare propoganda films to form an unintentional autobiography of Hitler's rise and fall, from the formation…
1648—The Treaty of Westphalia
Episode 6 of Turning Points in Modern History Series
The Thirty Years War involved some million soldiers and mass civilian casualties. Explore the significance of the Peace of Westphalia, the settlement that ended the war in 1648--a vital turning point that still shapes how international politics are handled.
1683 Vienna—The Great Ottoman Siege
Episode 21 of The Decisive Battles of World History Series
The Ottoman campaign to capture Vienna was one of the largest and most significant in Ottoman history. Study the background of the siege and the military technology and strategy on both sides. Follow the unfolding engagement and the pivotal role…