Cleopatra's Family
Part of the Series: The History of Ancient Egypt

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Antony and Cleopatra’s Death Pact
Episode 12 of Living History
In the wake of Caesar's assassination, power hangs in the balance as Mark Antony squares off against Octavian for sole control of Rome's empire. When the tide of the Battle of Actium turns against Mark Antony, his lover Cleopatra flees--and he decides to follow her, leaving the future of Rome…
Egypt According To Cleopatra
Part of the Series: Secrets of Archaeology
Take a virtual reality tour of one of history's most intriguing ancient civilizations. Queen Cleopatra serves as our virtual tour guide through Egypt during the time of the Ptolemy's, from the city of Alexandria to the isle of Philae.
Nika Riots at the Racetrack: Theodora
Episode 17 of Living History
Head east to Constantinople, seat of the Byzantine Empire and the eastern counterpart to Rome. During a day of chariot races at the hippodrome, riots break out and threaten the Emperor Justinian and his politically savvy wife, Theodora. Learn about this unorthodox marriage and how Theodora's counsel ultimately saves the…
The First Ptolemies
Part of the Series: The History of Ancient Egypt
The Greek kings known as the Ptolemies ran Egypt like a business. Taxes were heavy; government was oppressive. There are two great Hellenistic achievements, however: the Pharos Lighthouse and the famed Library of Alexandria.
Etruscan Gods and Goddesses
Shift your attention from the afterlife to survey Etruscan gods and goddesses. Learn about their pantheon and see how their deities compare to Greek and Roman gods, and consider what these deities indicate about the Etruscan worldview. See how collective action among the deities mirrored the culture's government, family life,…
Roman Colosseum: Blood in the Arena
Episode 15 of Living History
Visit the newly finished Roman amphitheater circa 80 C.E., where the emperor Titus will celebrate the consolidation of his family's dynasty by hosting 100 days of gladiatorial games. Bloodthirsty and vicious, the spectacle is nonetheless captivating. After learning about the Colosseum's engineering, you'll experience what it was like to be…
Ancient Egypt: The Gift of the Nile
Your introduction to Egypt reveals a civilization irrevocably shaped by geography. You learn how the Nile's predictable annual flooding of its banks, though creating a fertile strip amounting to only 3% of Egypt, permitted civilization to thrive in what was otherwise an uninhabitable desert.
The Middle Ptolemies - The Decline
Part of the Series: The History of Ancient Egypt
A TV show about the Middle Ptolemies might be called "Lifestyles of the Rich and Murderous." With few exceptions, the members of this dysfunctional dynasty were violent, debauched, and generally neglectful of the country they ruled. The Egyptians hated them and frequently rebelled, forcing some to flee for their lives.…
Building the Roman Republic
Part of the Series: The Big History of Civilizations
Rome began as an unremarkable city-state with a monarchy, but once the city established itself as a republic, Roman conquests spread dramatically across the Mediterranean. Here, review some of Rome's great leaders from its beginning through the assassination of Julius Caesar and the reign of Octavian, Caesar Augustus.
Jews and Greek Rule: The Heliodorus Affair
Investigate the strange episode known as the Heliodorus Affair. This power struggle between Jerusalem's elite families during the time of the Ptolemies and Seleucids became a key turning point in the history of Jews in Judea. We also see echoes of this conflict in Gospel accounts of taxation.
Cleopatra - The Last Ptolemy
Part of the Series: The History of Ancient Egypt
Although Cleopatra is one of the most famous women who ever lived, she remains an enigma - we don't even know her mother's name. History is written by the victors, and Cleopatra lost. Can ancient records help fill out her story?
The First Nation in History
Part of the Series: The History of Ancient Egypt
How did Egypt become history's first nation? Once King Narmer unified Upper and Lower Egypt, it took only a few hundred years to build a power that would dominate the Near East for millennia. Learn why the political structure of ancient Egypt made this possible and how the "Narmer Palette"…