Texture: Mark Making and Optical Value
Episode 26 of How to Draw

Texture: Mark Making and Optical Value
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Texture: How Artists Use Texture
Episode 27 of How to Draw
Take a comprehensive look at texture, beginning with five master drawings that exhibit contrasting textural personalities and moods. Study the primary factors that affect texture, from the drawing surface to the material's application method and modification through blending, smudging, or erasing. Learn to draw simulated textures such as wood grain…
Value: How Artists Use Value
Episode 20 of How to Draw
In approaching value (the relative lightness or darkness of tones), grasp how the tonal palette of a drawing governs mood and the viewer's emotional response. Learn how we can conceive of the range of values from white to black as a scale. Study how artists use value as both a…
Value: Drawing Materials for Value
Episode 21 of How to Draw
For drawing with value, take a deeper look at the types and qualities of the materials you'll use. Investigate the uses of graphite, charcoal, blending and spreading tools, ink, and the use of fixative. Study the many types and grades of drawing papers, and see how different materials interact with…
Value: Black and White and a Value Scale
Episode 22 of How to Draw
Discover how artists use value. With brush and ink, learn to make both white and black shapes and create a still life using only these two values. Then, draw a nine-step value scale, comprising nine distinct tones ranging from white to black.
Value: Eight Complex Drawing Projects
Episode 23 of How to Draw
Put your knowledge of value into practice, beginning with still lifes of white objects on white backgrounds drawn in a broad palette of light to dark. Learn to see a color's value as distinct from its hue and saturation. Realize a range of value-based projects, from drawings combining interior and…
Value: Side Light and Cast Shadow
Episode 24 of How to Draw
Learn how artists draw cast shadows from their imaginations. Start with shadows thrown by blocks and curvilinear solids, in one- and two-point perspective. Consider the expressive value of shadows, and progress to compound surfaces receiving shadows. Finally, learn to draw cast shadows of inclined planes.
Value: Oblique Light and Cast Shadow
Episode 25 of How to Draw
To complete your study of cast shadows, learn to draw shadows produced by oblique light coming from both the front and rear of objects. Then investigate artificial light as it affects shadows projected by objects within interiors. Practice these principles by drawing a complex interior and an invented still life…
An Introduction to Drawing
Episode 1 of How to Draw
Begin by considering the remarkable history of drawing, a history that has produced knowledge, methodology, and techniques that are readily learnable. Assess common misconceptions about talent and genius; discover how learning to see analytically and abstractly helps us draw; and try your first drawing exercise, retracing what our ancestors drew…
Drawing Materials for Line
Episode 2 of How to Draw
Here, investigate drawing materials you'll use throughout the course. Learn about artists' graphite pencils, charcoal, brush and ink, and drafting and measuring tools. Then learn how to set up your work area, and how to place both yourself and your subject vis-a-vis your drawing board or easel.
Drawing Fundamentals and First Exercises
Episode 3 of How to Draw
Explore essential first drawing exercises and learn how you will apply the skills developed here to much more complex subjects. Grasp how the curriculum--spanning the many pieces making up the "grammar" of drawing, such as composition, proportion, perspective, value, texture, and color--fits together, providing you with the knowledge and ability…
Line and Shape: Line and Aggregate Shape
Episode 4 of How to Draw
Learn about contour line, which describes the outer edges of objects, and construction line, which helps you build the objects you draw. Discover how to draw individual objects by constructing them from basic geometric shapes. Also learn about aggregate shape, which unites a drawing's disparate individual elements.
Line and Shape: Volume and Figure-Ground
Episode 5 of How to Draw
Now investigate cross-contour line (which can transform flat shape into a volumetric solid), oblique or foreshortened shapes, and their relation to geometric solids--principles that allow you to make objects appear three-dimensional. Also grasp the relation of figure to ground within a drawing, and practice drawing three-dimensional still lifes.